A trip to Salzburg wouldn't be complete without a stroll through the birthplace and museum of Austria's most famous composer, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Revered as the country's wunderkind or child prodigy, Mozart has been giving the gift of music to the world since 1762, when he started composing and performing publicly at just six years old.
The vivid yellow townhouse that the Mozart family called home from 1747 to 1773 is located on the vibrant shopping lane, Getreidegasse. Wolfgang was born on the third floor of Hagenauer House on January 27, 1756, a son for Leopold and Anna Maria. While Anna Maria gave birth to six children, only two survived – Wolfgang and his sister Maria Anna, better known as Nannerl.
After a childhood of exhibiting immense musical talent, Wolfgang toured with his father who was a composer, violinist and assistant concertmaster for the Salzburg court. He was later appointed assistant concertmaster by Hieronymus von Colleredo, a role he held until 1777. The young composer went on to write symphonies, piano concertos and operas that are still well known and loved today.
In 1880 the International Mozarteum Foundation set up the museum in the family home. Over the decades the museum has undergone several rounds of remodelling and expansion, making it the famous cultural institution it is today.
At Mozart's house museum, a variety of keepsakes and artefacts from his life are on display. You'll see instruments, including his childhood violin, as well as special documents, letters and mementos, and a wide range of painted portraits that were created throughout his lifetime. At the time of his death in 1791, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was regarded as the greatest composer in history – naturally his birthplace in Salzburg is one of the most visited museums on earth.