Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Zhongzheng in common Chinese) is a name you'll come across often when you visit Taipei. A name frequently used for naming roads, schools, and Taipei's airport until it's name was changed in 2006, the greatest display of respect to Taiwan's biggest national hero is the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall.
Built to commemorate the former President of the Republic of China's death in 1975, the white walls and blue octagonal roof of the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall are alongside the Taipei 101, one of Taipei's two most iconic structures. Spread out over 250,000 square metres of grounds, the ground floor of the Memorial Hall is where you can find a museum dedicated to the man that founded The Republic of China. Military uniforms, medals, paintings and manuscripts are all worth a look at, but the two gigantic bullet-proof Cadillacs will give you the most insight into why Chiang Kai-Shek was infamously known to some as 'General Cash-my-check'.
To get up close to the man himself, climb the 89 steps, which represent Chiang's age when he died, and you'll be greeted by a gigantic bronze Chiang Kai-shek statue. Closely watched by motionless guards, the hourly guard changing ceremony makes the highlight of many trips to the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall, and over fifteen-minutes you'll see the guards perform a variety of commands including the much loved “rifle-throwing” display.
Inside the grounds you'll also find the National Theatre and National Concert Hall, which is where the Taipei City Classical Chinese Orchestra performs. Make sure to check program guides when you are in town too. The concert hall as well as the surrounding plazas and gardens host all kinds of entertainment with everything on display from hip-hop to ballet.